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CASE REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-30

Acute leukoencephalopathy with restricted diffusion associated with Japanese encephalitis virus


Department of Pediatric Neurology, Institute of Child Health and Hospital for Children, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Leema Pauline Cornelius
Department of Pediatric Neurology, Institute of Child Health and Hospital for Children, Egmore, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JPCC.JPCC_99_20

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Acute leukoencephalopathy with restricted diffusion (ALERD) is a clinicoradiological syndrome characterized by acute encephalopathy, seizures, and diffuse areas of restricted diffusion in bilateral cerebral parenchyma on magnetic resonance imaging. ALERD can occur following infections and exposure to drugs and toxins. Early recognition by neuroimaging and the institution of immunotherapy may be useful in improving neurological outcomes. We report a case of diffuse infectious ALERD associated with Japanese B encephalitis viral infection.


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